Nuclear Policy News - January 9, 2013

Jan 9, 2013

  

TOP NEWS
 
S. Korea to Move Quickly on Longer-Range Ballistic Missiles
 
Israel Demands Firm U.S. Warning to Iran
 
AEOI Head Urges IAEA to Enter Talks with Iran with No Prejudgment
 
Abandoning Nuclear Weapons - Lessons From South Africa
John Fraser
 
Arms Control and Social Networking – Crowdsourcing Intelligence
Matthew Fargo
 
EAST ASIA
 
S. Korea to Move Quickly on Longer-Range Ballistic Missiles
 
South Korea intends to move quickly to prepare and activate new ballistic missiles that would able to target all areas of North Korea, the Yonhap News Agency reported on Monday.
 
New Mexico Ex-Gov. Richardson Pressing North Korean Test Ban
 
Former New Mexico Gov. Bill Richardson said Wednesday that his delegation is pressing North Korea to put a moratorium on missile launches and nuclear tests and to allow more cell phones and an open Internet for its citizens.
 
Japan and China step up drone race as tension builds over disputed islands
 
Drones have taken centre stage in an escalating arms race between China and Japan as they struggle to assert their dominance over disputed islands in the East China Sea.
 
MIDDLE EAST
 
Israel Demands Firm U.S. Warning to Iran
 
The United States should indicate forcefully it could employ armed force against Iran if the Middle Eastern nation fails by a set date to assuage international fears that it is developing a nuclear arms capacity, a top Israeli official said on Monday.
 
Syria frees 2,130 captives to rebels in exchange for 48 Iranian prisoners
 
The Syrian government and the rebels fighting against it carried out a massive prisoner swap Wednesday, with the government releasing 2,130 Syrian and Turkish captives in exchange for the freeing of 48 Iranians who had been seized by rebel forces.
 
Patriot missiles heading for Turkey
 
A Dutch Patriot air-defense missile battery is to be deployed at the Incirlik Air Base in Turkey within two weeks, NATO sources said.
 
SOUTH ASIA
 
India Tests Sea-Based Brahmos Missile
 
The Indian Navy successfully tested on Wednesday a highly-maneuverable version of a sea-based Brahmos supersonic cruise missile, an Indian defense source told RIA Novosti.
 
India lashes Pakistan after deadly Kashmir encounter
 
India denounced Pakistan on Wednesday over a firefight in the disputed territory of Kashmir in which two Indian soldiers were killed, but the nuclear-armed rivals both appeared determined to prevent the clash escalating into a full diplomatic crisis.
 
RUSSIA/FSU/EUROPE
 
Russia, China Plan to Boost Cooperation on Missile Defense
 
Russia and China are planning to intensify their cooperation on missile defense in response to America’s growing missile defense potential around the globe, Russian Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev said on Wednesday.
 
Missile Forces To Double Number of Contract Soldiers
 
The share of contract soldiers in Russia’s Strategic Missile Forces (SMF) will be more than doubled by 2017, an SMF spokesman said on Tuesday.
 
U.K. Committee Urges More Aggressive Action on Cyber Security
 
The British government is not doing enough to address the military opportunities and vulnerabilities of cybersecurity, the Parliament’s defense committee has warned.
 
MULTILATERAL ARMS CONTROL AND NONPROLIFERATION
 
AEOI Head Urges IAEA to Enter Talks with Iran with No Prejudgment
 
Head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) Fereidoon Abbasi called on the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to enter talks with Iran without any prejudgment, underlining that adoption of a cooperative approach by the UN nuclear agency would lead to the settlement of all problems.
 
U.S. NUCLEAR POLICY
 
Hagel Pick Could Signal U.S. Policy Shift on Iran
 
President Obama might be signaling plans to shift his administration's approach to an entrenched dispute over Iran's nuclear program by nominating a noted critic of hard-line policies to lead the Defense Department, a former Iranian nuclear negotiator and other expert observers said on Tuesday.
 
OPINIONS
 
Arms Control and Social Networking – Crowdsourcing Intelligence
Matthew Fargo
 
Is social networking a useful or reliable means to verify arms control agreements? The idea of using a network of concerned citizens to support arms control has been bandied about in arms control circles for more than fifty years. With the advent of information and communications technology, international communication and information sharing has become nearly instantaneous. Recognizing these developments, support for using the power of social media has swelled in recent years. Indeed, empowering a populace to support the verification mechanisms of arms control agreements might be an innovative confidence-building measure for arms control negotiators, but it is unrealistic to assert that such efforts could provide the same level of confidence as more intrusive inspection regimes. Turning vast numbers of people into whistleblowers might inadvertently and unnecessarily put private citizens in harm’s way, and the idea of using individual citizens to support nuclear arms control remains no closer to realization than it was when it was first introduced in 1958.
 
Abandoning Nuclear Weapons - Lessons From South Africa
John Fraser
 
Not many nice things can be said about the apartheid regime in South Africa. It was racist, violent in the brutal oppression of many of its own citizens, and was despised around the world. However, in the dying days of apartheid, the South African authorities took a step that has had major implications for the country and for the African continent: it scrapped its nuclear weapons programme.
 
Portents of a Difficult Year
Michael Krepon
 
Prospects for arms control in 2013 look bleak on most fronts, with a few important, potential exceptions. Prognostication is a fool’s game, since surprise – pleasant, but more often painful – comes with this territory, but here goes.
 
Using Cold War tactics to confront Iran
 
As Americans seek to find an alternative to the stark and unappetizing choice between acceptance of Iran’s rabid leadership having nuclear weapons or pre-emptively bombing its nuclear facilities, one analyst offers a credible third path. Interestingly, it’s inspired by a long-ago policy toward a different foe — the Reagan administration’s way of handling the Soviet Union — yet this unlikely model offers a useful prototype.