Nuclear Policy News - Tuesday, July 27

Jul 27, 2010

 

Nuclear Policy News – July 27, 2010
 
FISSILE MATERIAL
Europe Imposes New Sanctions on Iran
NY Times by Stephen Castle
 
U.S. to Cover Cost of Israeli Antimissile System
 
NATO Missile Shield to be Ready by Year's End
 
Debate on "New START" Seen Dragging Past August
 
How likely is an American attack on Iran?
Xinhua by David Harris
 
EAST ASIA
Pyongyang’s nuclear threats continue
“North Korea will immediately wage an act of deterrence based on self-defence when dialogue is not resumed or the military provocation (the joint naval drill) crosses the line,” warned the Chosun Sinbo, a newspaper published in Tokyo (Japan) by the General Association of Korean Residents, as US-South Korean military exercises get underway.
 
N. Korea to use 'strong deterrent' in lieu of dialogue: paper
Yonhap News by Sam Kim
North Korea will go ahead with a "strong deterrent" based on its self-defensive policy if it determines the United States has abandoned its intent to resolve the March sinking of a South Korean warship through dialogue, a pro-Pyongyang daily said Monday.
 
South Korea, U.S. Stage Naval Exercises
South Korean and U.S. naval forces staged a series of large-scale military exercises today as a demonstration of allied might to North Korea, the Associated Press reported.
 
Japan Expected to Approve Sale of Missile Interceptors
Japan is expected to approve the sale of advanced missile interceptors produced in collaboration with the United States to third-party countries, Kyodo News reported yesterday.
 
MIDDLE EAST
Europe Imposes New Sanctions on Iran
NY Times by Stephen Castle
The European Union intensified the economic isolation of Iran over its nuclear program by ordering its toughest economic sanctions yet against the Iranian government on Monday. European energy companies and insurers affected by the new controls promised to comply.
 
EU Hits Iran With Additional Penalties
The European Union's top diplomats today backed a new round of economic penalties against Iran, paving the way for implementation of the latest measures aimed at curbing the Middle Eastern state's nuclear work, Reuters reported.
 
EU Steps Up Iran Penalties But Also Lifts Some Curbs
WSJ by David Crawford and Stephen Fidler
European Union foreign ministers set the seal Monday on tough new sanctions aimed at Iran's suspected nuclear-weapons program—but at the same time unexpectedly lifted curbs restricting supplies to a nuclear-power plant Russian engineers are building in the country.
 
Iran sends letter to nuclear watchdog about restarting talks
CNN by Ivan Watson
Iran submitted a letter to the International Atomic Energy Agency on Monday, proposing to restart limited talks on an exchange of nuclear fuel.
 
EU's Ashton cautiously welcomes Iran offer of talks
European Union foreign affairs chief Catherine Ashton welcomed an announcement by Iran on Monday that it would be willing to resume negotiations over a nuclear fuel swap, but said she wanted to see the details first.
 
Iran Seeks to Place Astronauts in Space by 2019
Iran plans to launch its first astronauts into space by 2019, Reuters reported Friday. President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad announced his country's intention to prepare a manned spaceflight last February, after its Kavoshgar 3 rocket carried several small animals into orbit.
 
U.S. to Cover Cost of Israeli Antimissile System
The United States pledged in a deal inked yesterday to underwrite expenses for the creation of Israel's Arrow 3 missile defense system, the Jerusalem Post reported.
 
Israeli defense chief offers warnings on Iran and Lebanon
Washington Post by Janine Zacharia
Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak is due to arrive in Washington on Monday bearing two warnings for American policymakers: Sanctions won't thwart Iran's push for nuclear weapons, and Israel will strike directly at Lebanese government institutions if Hezbollah launches rockets at Israeli towns.
 
Ground laid for first nuclear reactor
The Jordan Times by Taylor Luck
Work is now under way to establish Jordan’s first nuclear reactor following the signing of a $70 million soft loan agreement with South Korea on Monday.
 
New draft bill for nuclear power ready
Vanguard by Oscarline Onwuemenyi (Nigeria)
The Nigeria Atomic Energy Commission, NAEC, has attained another significant milestone in its quest to develop a sustainable nuclear power programme in Nigeria as it has successfully produced a draft bill that would form the legal framework for the nuclear industry in the country.
 
SOUTH/SOUTHEAST ASIA
India Conducts Successful Missile Defense Test
India today successfully targeted and destroyed a mock enemy ballistic missile during a test of the nation's antimissile capabilities, Kyodo News reported.
 
RUSSIA/FSU/EUROPE
NATO Missile Shield to be Ready by Year's End
Work on a NATO missile shield is expected to be finished by year's end once testing on the system is finished, United Press International reported.
 
France earns IEA praise
French legislation that focuses on the reduction of harmful emissions from urban complexes and the transportation sector deserves praise, the IEA said.
 
Russia slams EU sanctions against Iran
The Age by AFP
Tough unilateral European Union sanctions imposed against Iran's energy sector are "unacceptable", the Russian foreign ministry says.
 
Russia turns on 'irresponsible Iran'
Russia turned on Iran, accusing it of "fruitless and irresponsible rhetoric" and adding its voice to a diplomatic assault Monday which included unilateral sanctions from both the EU and Canada, as well as warnings from Iran's opposition party that Ahmadinejad's regime could suffer the same fate as the deposed Shah.
 
MULTILATERAL ARMS CONTROL AND NONPROLIFERATION
Nunn-Lugar Program Disarms Six More Nuclear Warheads
The U.S. Cooperative Threat Reduction program in June disarmed six strategic nuclear warheads from the former Soviet Union, Senator Richard Lugar (R-Ind.) announced Friday.
 
Debate on "New START" Seen Dragging Past August
A number of U.S. Senate staffers expressed doubt that the legislative body would vote on ratification of a new nuclear arms control treaty with Russia before adjourning in two weeks for its August recess, the Los Angeles Times reported Saturday.
 
Program Finds Peaceful Jobs For Weapons Scientists
A 16-year-old U.S. program has established thousands of jobs for weapons specialists from the former Soviet Union and beyond, Investor's Business Daily reported today.
 
Atomic Watchdog Chief against politicizing agency
Daily News (Sri Lanka) by AFP
UN atomic watchdog Chief Yukiya Amano defended himself against suggestions that he had taken a tougher line against Iran than his predecessor, in an interview with French radio Saturday.
 
U.S. NUCLEAR WEAPONS STRATEGY AND POLICY
Radiation Questions Over a Body Scanner
NY Times by Joe Sharkey
In about two years, if all goes according to the plans of the Transportation Security Administration, those vintage airport magnetometer metal detectors will be replaced by electronic body scanner machines… Yet it’s fair to say that travelers also do not fully trust the security agency’s assurances that the new machines are safe, that they can’t be defeated by a terrorist and that personal privacy will be protected — at least, to the extent the agency has claimed.
 
OPINIONS
How likely is an American attack on Iran?
Xinhua by David Harris
Plenty of experts have offered their views over the years on whether the United States is prepared to launch a military attack against Iran's nuclear program, but when a former head of the CIA says that is an increasingly likely possibility, it is arguably time to sit up and take note.
 
How Soon Will Saudi Arabia Turn To Nuclear Energy?
While a growing number of countries have announced their civilian nuclear energy ambitions more than the past twelve months, no other nation is probably to have a lot more of your psychological impact on the nuclear energy picture than Saudi Arabia. We believe the Kingdom’s organic gas and drinking water issues will lead them to nuclear, sooner somewhat than later, possibly as early as this year.
 
Germany must change for EU sanctions on Iran to have bite
L.A. Times by Heather Robinson
As EU foreign ministers meet, Iran's second-largest trading partner, Germany, has a responsibility — and leverage. It should lead, as an issue of conscience, in making sure new sanctions have teeth.
 
The Russian-Iranian road map
The Hindu by Vladimir Radyuhin
The mixed signals on Iran that Russia has been sending in recent days have puzzled many western analysts. A little over a month after it went along with the United States in supporting tougher sanctions on Iran, Moscow signed a framework pact on wide-ranging cooperation with Tehran in hydrocarbons and announced a similar plan for nuclear energy projects.
 
A reality check on Obama's bid for zero nukes
Christian Science Monitor by Nathan Gardels
Can Albert Einstein’s genie ever be put back in the bottle? Unless it can, there is no guarantee that absolute zero nuclear weapons, as President Obama has proposed, can ever provide absolute security. Indeed, the illusion that knowledge can be disinvented may make the world a more dangerous place.