Audio: The International Development Assistance Ecosystem of the U.S.: A Development/Foreign Policy Strategic Asset

  • Jan 15, 2013
    Duration: 02:00:58

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    Listen to a panel discussion with:

    Carol Lancaster, Dean of the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University

    Paul O’Brien, Vice President of Policy and Advocacy, Oxfam America

    Tessie San Martin, Chief Executive Officer, Plan USA

    Susan Reichle, Assistant to the Administrator, Bureau of Policy, Planning and Learning, USAID

    Asif Shaikh, Senior Adviser, Center for Strategic and International Studies

    Moderated by:

    Daniel F. Runde, Director of the Project on Prosperity and Development and Schreyer Chair in Global Analysis, CSIS

    Since the end of the Cold War, the method by which the United States delivers foreign aid to the developing world has changed considerably. During this time, as the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) saw large-scale staff reductions coupled with an increase in programs, a large base of U.S for-profit and nonprofit organizations grew up to implement projects and programs in the developing world. Although the budgetary situation reversed beginning in 2002, staffing levels at USAID remained low and a need to engage the U.S. implementer community continues. Concurrently, a broader discussion occurred over the effectiveness of development assistance by major donors. This effort, which resulted in the Paris Declaration of 2005 and later agreements at Accra in 2008 and Busan in 2011, enshrined the notion of country ownership—that the developing world must drive its priorities to ensure sustainability. The Obama administration launched its USAID Forward agenda to re-establish USAID as the premier development agency in the world. A central aspect of this agenda are reforms designed to reduce the Agency’s dependence on contracts, grants, and cooperative agreements with U.S. development implementers and shift to a greater use of government to government support and local organizations.