Countries affected by fragility, conflict, and violence (FCV) pose significant challenges for development, including private-sector development.
President Obama’s forthcoming trip to Africa offers an opportunity to reenergize U.S. engagement on a continent where economic opportunities are rising, tough security challenges endure, and relative U.S. influence is waning.
President Barack Obama’s trip to Africa this month is focused on the pressing issues of economic growth and investment, democratization, and the next generation of African leaders. Yet a central element for achieving those goals is missing from the list—advancing the health and empowerment of women and girls. The Obamas have an opportunity to make this trip historic by explicitly committing the United States to focus on women and girls as a key pathway to progress for Africa. But will they seize it?
U.S. policymakers and private-sector partners increasingly appreciate the importance of targeted U.S. investments in women’s health to achieve global health outcomes, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. With budgetary constraints worsening, progress in women’s health will require maximizing investments by engaging new partners, identifying program synergies, and aligning with countries’ national priorities to meet women’s needs. Such strategic coordination—involving maternal newborn and child health, voluntary family planning, and HIV and AIDS services—presents new opportunities to expand the impact of U.S. investments.
Agricultural biotechnology holds great promise in contributing to Africa’s socioeconomic development. This is confirmed by a growing body of literature analyzing the positive economic effects at the farm level, and also for a growing number of farmers in Africa.
South Africa has the highest burden of HIV/AIDS in the world, with 5.6 million people living with the virus and over 400,000 newly infected annually. Since 2004, the U.S. government has committed more than $4 billion to combating HIV/AIDS in South Africa—the largest U.S. investment in HIV/AIDS worldwide.
The people of Kenya go to the polls on March 4th in the country’s first general elections since December 2007, when a disputed outcome led to serious violence that brought the country to the brink of anarchy. Voters will select a new president, national assembly, and for the first time choose senators and a set of local representatives in 47 counties.
Uganda’s ruling party, the National Resistance Movement (NRM), marked 27 years in power on January 26. The focal point of the celebrations was a ceremony in Kasese district, in the west of the country, presided over by Yoweri Museveni, the man who led the National Resistance Army rebels into Kampala in 1986 and who remains at the helm of the party, and the country, today.
SABMiller is one of the world’s largest brewers. Founded in South Africa in 1895 as South African Breweries, SABMiller brands include Peroni and Coors Light. Today, roughly 80 percent of the company’s business is in emerging markets, where the brewer continues to see high growth potential.
The police are one of the most critical institutions of the state. This is particularly true in nations emerging from conflict, which are characterized by insecurity and high levels of crime. Without security, governments cannot begin rebuilding their economies and improving the lives of their citizens.