Governance and Militancy in Afghanistan and Pakistan
From 2010 to 2012, the Program on Crisis, Conflict, and Cooperation (C3) studied security, governance, and politics in Afghanistan and Pakistan to find potential paths to stability.
From 2010 to 2012, the Program on Crisis, Conflict, and Cooperation (C3) studied security, governance, and politics in Afghanistan and Pakistan to find potential paths to stability. One line of research, focusing on service provision and governance, studied how different formal, informal, illicit, and hybrid institutions and actors operate. Another line, focusing on militant religious movements, studied the main insurgent groups attacking Afghan, Pakistani, Indian, and foreign targets in the region. Robert D. Lamb, director of the C3 program, was principal investigator for these projects.
The theme that emerges from this research is one of limitations. The United States and its allies are limited in their influence over people who hold de facto power in and out of government. It is necessary, therefore, to find pragmatic ways to deal with those who are malign or corrupt. But it is equally necessary to do so in a way that does not needlessly strengthen them or marginalize the moderates and reformers (in and out of government) whose efforts to transform their own countries remain the best hope for the region.
The individual country reports consider the strategic implications of the complicated interactions among governance, politics, and militancy in each country. Religious Movements, Militancy, and Conflict in South Asia looks specifically at the different roles that religion has played in politics and conflicts in the region. Prospects for Indian and Pakistani Cooperation in Afghanistan considers some regional issues affecting stability. And a related report, Measuring Perceptions about the Pashtun People, is a survey and analysis of stereotypes that opinion leaders and policymakers have about the border region’s main ethnic group.
The encyclopedic literature review by Mariam Mufti describes and analyzes what is known in the English language literature about how religious militant groups operate in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Stacey White’s review of 33 scholarly works published since 1956 (most since 2000) offers important insights about what government decentralization has and has not achieved in practice. A conference report published in 2011 considers what is and is not possible in Afghanistan and Pakistan, and the background papers published in late 2011 and early 2012 elucidate some of the dynamics of governance in greater detail, especially in Pakistan.
These research reports, literature reviews, conference report, and background papers are listed below. The C3 program is grateful to the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the Henry Luce Foundation, the Ploughshares Fund, and the Office of Naval Research for their financial support to these efforts. The views expressed in these publications do not reflect those of the funders, any entity of the U.S. government, or anyone other than the authors.
- Robert D. Lamb, Political Governance and Strategy in Afghanistan (April 2012)
- Robert D. Lamb and Sadika Hameed, Subnational Governance, Service Delivery, and Militancy in Pakistan (May 2012)
- Joy Aoun, Liora Danan, Sadika Hameed, Robert D. Lamb, Kathryn Mixon, and Denise St. Peter, Religious Movements, Militancy, and Conflict in South Asia: Cases from India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan (June 2012)
- Sadika Hameed, Prospects for Indian and Pakistani Cooperation in Afghanistan (August 2012)
- Amin Tarzi and Robert D. Lamb, Measuring Perceptions about the Pashtun People (March 2011)
- Mariam Mufti, Religion and Militancy in Pakistan and Afghanistan: A Literature Review (June 2012)
- Stacey White, Government Decentralization in the 21st Century: A Literature Review (December 2011)
- Robert D. Lamb, Sadika Hameed, Joy Aoun, and Zeina Boustani, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Art of the Possible (June 2011)
- S.R. Mehboob, “Governance and Militancy in Pakistan’s Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province” (December 2011)
- S.R. Mehboob, “Governance and Militancy in Pakistan’s Southern Punjab Region” (December 2011)
- Mehlaqa Samdani, “Governance and Militancy in Pakistan’s Khyber Agency” (December 2011)
- Danny Cutherell, “Governance and Militancy in Pakistan’s Chitral District” (November 2011)
- Justine Fleischner, “Governance and Militancy in Pakistan’s Swat Valley” (October 2011)
- Stacey White, “The 2010 Flooding Disaster in Pakistan: An Opportunity for Governance Reform or another Layer of Dysfunction?” (September 2011)
- Robert D. Lamb, “Governance and Militancy in Afghanistan and Pakistan: Project Executive Summary” (May 2011)
ReportAug 22, 2012
ReportJul 13, 2012
Apr 17, 2012
Apr 12, 2012