Gary Powell, Senior Associate:

Gary Powell is a Senior Associate with the National Security Program on Industry and Resources at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS).  Prior to joining CSIS, Mr. Powell spent more than thirty years with the Department of Defense, most recently, as the Assistant Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Industrial Policy (ADUSD(IP)), the senior career DoD executive for all matters related to the defense industry and industrial policy.  As the ADUSD(IP), Mr. Powell directed or oversaw all corporate DoD industrial capability assessments to identify potential near-term industrial bottlenecks and long-term industrial capability viability concerns. He also represented DoD equities to Congress for current and proposed “Buy American” legislation; and other industrial base-related statutes and policies. 

Mr. Powell directed DoD mergers and acquisitions reviews for both antitrust (Hart-Scott-Rodino) and national security (Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States) purposes.  Mr. Powell also directed DoD’s Defense Priorities and Allocations System and Priority Allocation of Industrial Resources Task Force to ensure the most important DoD programs receive priority delivery when faced with production resource constraints; most recently supporting U.S. and coalition operations in Iraq and Afghanistan.  Finally, Mr. Powell's responsibilities also included the development of policies, procedures, analyses, and recommendations relating to defense industrial resources and defense industry trends; and the programmatic, industrial, financial, and economic impacts of DoD acquisition strategies on the industrial base.


Stephanie Sanok Kostro, Senior Fellow:

Stephanie Sanok is a senior fellow at CSIS, working on acquisition reform, export controls, and a variety of international security projects. Prior to joining CSIS, she served at the U.S. embassy in Baghdad, where she developed policy options for the U.S. government’s efforts to support a sovereign, stable, and self-reliant Iraq. While there, she collaborated closely with military and civilian colleagues to revise the Joint Campaign Plan—a unique interagency strategy to strengthen U.S. relations with Iraq along political, economic, energy, rule of law, and security lines of operation—and identify strategic risks and transition issues related to the U.S. military withdrawal. From 2005 to 2008, Ms. Sanok was a professional staff member on the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Armed Services (HASC); from 2006 to 2007, she directed the HASC policy team, which handled overarching defense policy topics and special projects, including issues such as detention of enemy combatants, export controls and technology security, troops levels in Iraq and Afghanistan, and the Pentagon’s role in foreign assistance and civil aspects of overseas operations. At the Pentagon from 1998 to 2005, she worked in the secretary of defense’s counterproliferation, European, and NATO policy offices and, as a Presidential Management Fellow, completed rotations in the secretary of defense’s policy, comptroller, and personnel/readiness offices, in the Joint Staff’s Strategic Plans and Policy Directorate, and at the U.S. embassy Sarajevo and the U.S. mission to NATO. Ms. Sanok received a master of public policy degree with concentrations in international security policy and conflict resolution from Harvard University in 1998 and a B.S. degree (with honors) in communication and international relations from Cornell University.  


Gregory Sanders, Fellow:

Gregory Sanders is a fellow with the National Security Program on Industry and Resources at CSIS, where he manages a research team that analyzes data on U.S. government contract spending and other budget and acquisition issues. He employs data visualization and other ways to use complex data collections to create succinct and innovative tables, charts, and maps. His recent research focuses on contract spending by major government departments, contingency contracting in Iraq and Afghanistan, and European and Asian defense budgets. This work requires management of data from a variety of databases, most notably the Federal Procurement Database System, and extensive cross-referencing of multiple budget data sources. In support of these goals, he employs SQL Server, as well as the statistical programming language R. Sanders holds an M.A. in international studies from the University of Denver and a B.A. in government and politics, as well as a B.S. in computer science, from the University of Maryland.


Ryan Crotty, Fellow:

Ryan Crotty is a fellow with the National Security Program on Industry and Resources at CSIS.  His work at NSPIR has focused on long-term defense spending trends, defense budget issues, and foreign military sales and aid.  Ryan received his M.A. in International Affairs from the Pennsylvania State University in where he also worked as a research assistant to Ambassador Dennis Jett.  While at Penn State, he was a 2010 recipient of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence's Strategic and Global Security Scholars Program scholarship, through which he studied at the Baobab Center in Dakar, Senegal.  Previously, he worked in state government consulting.  Ryan also holds a B.A. in government and international studies from Colby College.


T.J. Cipoletti, Research Associate:

T.J. Cipoletti is a research associate with the International Security Program at CSIS, where he conducts research on a wide range of European and U.S. national security issues. Previously, he served in similar capacities with the Henry A. Kissinger Chair and Europe Program at CSIS. Prior to joining CSIS, he completed internships on Capitol Hill and at the Intellibridge Corporation, where he authored open-source intelligence briefs on European political and security developments for a wide range of corporate clients. Mr. Cipoletti received his M.Sc. in European politics and governance from the London School of Economics and Political Science and graduated magna cum laude from Bethany College with a B.A. in political science and a minor in history.


Joshua Archer, Research Associate:

Joshua Archer is a research associate with the Defense-Industrial Initiatives Group at CSIS, where his research interests include defense industrial supply chain economics and international joint development programs, particularly between the United States and Japan. Before joining CSIS, he performed research in the defense and aerospace industry as a strategy consultant between 2010 and 2013. In 2009, he was a researcher with the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies, where he contributed to the Taiwan military capabilities profile of the Nuclear Threat Initiative database. Mr. Archer holds an M.A. in international policy studies from the Monterey Institute of International Studies and is fluent in Japanese.


Jesse Ellman, Research Associate:

Jesse Ellman is a research associate with the National Security Program on Industry and Resources (NSPIR) at CSIS. He specializes in U.S. defense acquisition policy, with a particular focus on DoD, DHS, and government-wide services contracting trends, DoD sourcing policy and cost estimation methodologies, and recent U.S. Army modernization efforts. Mr. Ellman holds a B.A. in political science from Stony Brook University and an M.A. with honors in security studies, with a concentration in military operations, from Georgetown University.


Rhys McCormick, Research Assistant:

Rhys McCormick is a research assistant with the National Security Program on Industry and Resources (NSPIR) at CSIS. His work focuses on unmanned systems, global defense industrial base issues, and U.S. federal and defense contracting trends. Prior to working at NSPIR, he interned at the Abshire-Inamori Leadership Academy at CSIS and the Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute at the U.S. Army War College. He holds a B.S. in security and risk analysis from the Pennsylvania State University with concentrations in both intelligence analysis and modeling and information and cyber security.